Baghdad, Ali Naji
Security experts believe the United States working to help Iraqi politicians contenders to end their differences in order to stop the bloodbath in Iraq, calling for Washington to register their presence in the Iraqi political scene, and events of the Iraqi public.
Iraq has been one of the worst acts of violence in recent years. As the data says the UN mission to help Iraq that nearly 9000 people were killed in the year 2013 only.
The Iraqi government is struggling to maintain the security situation at the time of the collapse is still where armed groups linked to al-Qaida seizes areas of the province of Anbar, particularly Fallujah, since January last year.
And claimed the violence in parts of the country killed more than a thousand people in the month of January of this year.
Sarhang Hama-Saeed, Senior Fellow at the Department of Middle East and North Africa, the U.S. Institute of Peace, based in Washington, said that Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki blamed on Sunni insurgents on Causing the deterioration of the security situation, but the government did not act to bring political Balhzirh year.
And now, as seen Hama-Saeed, al-Qaida exploiting this situation. Hama-Saeed notes intertwined complex between what it calls some Iraqi political parties grievances due to the disposal of the central government, and between the acts of violence involving armed organizations, such as the Daash.
Hama-Saeed says that “now we see a mix of violence caused by what he sees as some people’s legitimate grievances, but this case is intertwined with more serious insurgency led by al-Qaeda and its associated organization, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.”
The Special Representative in Iraq, the secretary-general of the UN, Nikolay Mladenov, last February urged all political leaders to “unite against terrorism, which is detrimental to all segments of Iraqi society.”
Mladenov called “the Iraqi people to support the security forces, local authorities and Anbar tribes in its fight against terrorism and to provide humanitarian support to those affected by the fighting.”
The digress, saying, “In addition, I call on all parties to assist in the rebuilding of Anbar through investment and social inclusion policies and address the causes of violence through dialogue and political process.”
Some experts believe that the key to end the violence is to gather together the warring Iraqi factions, and the United States are able to assist in this effort.
Hama-Saeed says that “so far, Iraq lacks the presence of a mediator able to gather together the various parties.”
He notes that “the institutions of government or the state does not play this role.”
He considered that “the Iraqi president is far from the situation in Iraq now for health reasons for more than a year.”
“The Iraqi parliament does not lead this role when debates occur between the different parties on the tough issues.”
He stressed that “it is important that the lead role of the mediator is one,” and expressed his belief that “the United States in a good position to play this role.”
Hama-Saeed pointed out that “peace-building rather than just the provision of weapons.”
He explained that the level of “inclusive political process, the United States can provide counseling and advice and intervention on the one hand its friends in Iraq.”
Some experts believe that in the absence of an active role played by the United States and the West, the Iraqi parties looking to Iran, which is increasing its involvement in the Iraqi political scene.
As it sees Bilal Wahab, a professor at the American University in Sulaimaniya, said that “the presence of the United States is significant and the U.S. intervention is very weak.”
He cites the example Wahab on this by saying that “U.S. officials rarely attend meetings, and events, particularly public events.”
He considered “They are isolated inside the embassy” in Baghdad, the U.S..
Wahab and compare between the American audience, “and Iranian officials such as the Consul General, which you can see downtown in the market, and is consistent in the revival of” Sulaymaniyah.
He said that the Iranian consul in Kurdistan “clearly visible,” pointing out that “even when there is tension between the government, the formation of political parties” in Kurdistan, “believes political leaders jumping on the plane and go to Tehran.”
It is scheduled to hold national parliamentary elections on 30 April, the first election of its kind since the departure of U.S. forces in December of 2011.
Analysts say such Hama-Saeed and Wahab that these elections should bring new leadership able to put Iraq on the road towards political stability, and the new leaders will need to have close cooperation on the part of Washington.